stranger

stranger, foreigner, alien, outlander, outsider, immigrant, émigré can all designate a person who comes into a community from the outside and is not recognized as a member of that community. This is the primary denotation of some of the words, but the secondary sense of the others, especially the last three. Stranger and foreigner may both apply to one who comes from another country or sometimes from another section as a resident or visitor. They have somewhat different implications, however, stranger stressing the person's unfamiliarity with the language and customs and foreigner the fact that he speaks a different language, follows different customs, or bears allegiance to another government
{

the time came when I was the observant foreigner, examining education in France. To tell the truth, I was not a stranger to it, having lived in France as a child and again as a youth— Grandgent

}
Alien emphasizes allegiance to another sovereign or government and is often opposed to citizen; thus, one may be called a foreigner after naturalization, but not with accuracy an alien. In extended use alien can imply either exclusion from full privileges of or inability to identify oneself with a group
{

the older I grow, the more of an alien I find myself in the world; I cannot get used to it, cannot believe that it is real— L. P. Smith

}
{

he is anesthetic to their theological and political enthusiasms. He finds himself an alien at their feasts of soul— Mencken

}
Outlander, in its general sense, is preferred to foreigner only for a literary or rhetorical reason or because it carries the implications of outlandish
{

to this vast matriarchal blackness he had returned, bringing a bride, an outlanderHervey

}
{

his neighbors were . . . outlanders of that particular type to which ... his own fastidiousness found the greatest objection— Tarkington

}
Outsider usually implies nonmembership in a group, clique, or caste largely because of essential differences in origin, interests, backgrounds, customs, and manners
{

was the only outsider in a company of which every member was privy to the origin, developments, and existing state of its complications— Sackville-West

}
Immigrant and émigré are often used of foreigners who are residents and no longer aliens.
Immigrant usually is applied to a foreigner who has come voluntarily, typically in search of a better means of earning a living or a more satisfying way of life; émigré implies that the foreigner is a fugitive or refugee from his native land or, in a weaker sense, that he has left his abiding place rather from dissatisfaction than from strong hope for a better future
{

Hemingway, whom the young émigrés to Montparnasse . . . had hailed as a major prophet of the emptiness of everything— F. L. Allen

}

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stranger — «Stranger» Sencillo de Hilary Duff del álbum Dignity Formato CD Single Descarga Digital Género(s) Dance, Electro rock, R B Duración 4:10 (Album Version) 3 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Stranger — Stran ger, n. [OF. estrangier, F. [ e]tranger. See {Strange}.] 1. One who is strange, foreign, or unknown. Specifically: [1913 Webster] (a) One who comes from a foreign land; a foreigner. [1913 Webster] I am a most poor woman and a stranger, Born …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • stranger — strang·er n: someone who is not a party or in privity with a party (as to a contract or legal action) may be enforced against a stranger to the contract Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. stranger …   Law dictionary

  • stranger — [n] person who is unfamiliar alien, drifter, foreign body, foreigner, guest, immigrant, incomer, interloper, intruder, itinerant person, migrant, migratory worker, new arrival, newcomer, outcomer, outlander, outof stater*, outsider, party… …   New thesaurus

  • stranger — ► NOUN 1) a person whom one does not know. 2) a person who does not know, or is not known in, a particular place. 3) (stranger to) a person entirely unaccustomed to (a feeling, experience, or situation) …   English terms dictionary

  • stranger — [strān′jər] n. [ME < MFr estranger < OFr estrange: see STRANGE] 1. an outsider, newcomer, or foreigner 2. Now Rare a guest or visitor 3. a person not known or familiar to one; person who is not an acquaintance 4. a person unaccustomed (to… …   English World dictionary

  • Stranger — Stran ger, v. t. To estrange; to alienate. [Obs.] Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • stranger — (izg. strȅndžer) m DEFINICIJA žarg. onaj koji dolazi iz strane zemlje, iz inozemstva; stranac, tuđin, inozemac, strendžer ETIMOLOGIJA engl …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Stranger — The Phantom Stranger (dt. der phantomhafte Fremde ) ist der Titel von mehreren Comicserien und anderen Comicveröffentlichungen, die seit 1952 von dem US amerikanischen Verlag DC Comics veröffentlicht werden. The Phantom Stranger handelt von einem …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • stranger — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ complete, perfect, total ▪ mysterious ▪ beautiful, dark, handsome ▪ She said that I would m …   Collocations dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.